A basic introduction to the types of Floor-Coverings: Hand-knotted Rugs
These rugs are the most expensive rugs, where each knot is tied to the warps individually to form the carpets.
These type of carpets have the longest manufacturing period.
These are mainly made in wool, silk, viscose
Traditional patterns from Iran are made in hand-knotted style.
Lasts for generations.
Pricing Parameters for Hand-knotted Rugs
Knots per Square Inch(KPSI): This stands for the density of the knots. The denser the rugs , more expensive will be the weaving.
Pile Height: The length of the pile
Types of yarns used: Various blends of fibers are used to make the rugs, ranging from 100% NL Wool to Indian wool, silk, viscose, jute etc. The price is variable depending on the type of raw material used
Design: Patterns/designs are a vital aspect with regards to the pricing.
All of our rugs, carpets are custom made and our client is anyone who desires a beautiful handmade carpet in your design. We can send you our small sample set for fiber, quality, construction reference to custom design your carpets.
Please send the queries to Nisha Desai at 702.622.8321 or email at email@example.com
Painters today have more pigments to choose from than any other artists in history. They can buy traditional, historical varieties that Rembrandt would recognize, such as siennas and ochres, or 20th-century innovations like phthalocyanines and quinacridones—pigments with an intensity that would have startled even the color-loving Impressionists. Despite this abundance, many artists and art educators endorse the use of a restricted “limited” palette as a way to develop coherent, harmonious, and personal paintings.
Limited palettes are great learning tools. Students are often taught to paint in monochrome, using only a dark brown or black pigment, plus white. This allows them to focus on accurate shapes, degrees of light and dark—called “values” or “tones”—and paint application, without the additional complexity of color. By mastering these austere palettes, students build a strong foundation for the later introduction of color.
A more contemporary monochromatic approach involves using black and white, plus another color. In this example, phthalocyanine blue is introduced to produce a work of tonal accuracy that transcends the academic flavor of a strict black-and-white exercise.
Palettes with one warm and one cool pigment
To add more versatility to their palettes, painters may choose to select one warm and one cool pigment, plus white. In this example, burnt sienna and ultramarine blue are mixed to create a full tonal range, as well as temperature variations from cool to warm. Color temperature is a useful tool for creating the illusion of depth on the two-dimensional canvas.
Warm colors appear to come forward in a painting, while cool colors are recessive. This effect is visible at the inner and outer parts of the bowl. Both areas are greyed because they contain all three colors of the palette, and they are exactly the same value. Yet mixing a larger amount of burnt sienna into the front of the bowl results in a warm color, while mixing more ultramarine into the inner bowl makes it cool.
Notice how the warmer mixture appears closer to the front of the picture plane, while the cooler color recedes into the middle ground. This effect, added to the use of value changes, can create works that convey both form and space.
The Zorn palette
Limited palettes aren’t just for beginner painters. Many professional artists limit the number of pigments that they work with. Perhaps the artist who is most well-known for doing this is Anders Zorn, a Swedish painter active during the late 19th and early 20th centuries who developed a color palette that bears his name. This self-portrait from 1896 was created with the four-color “Zorn palette,” which you can also see him holding in the painting.
Anders Zorn, Self-portrait withModel, 1896. Courtesy of Nationalmuseum.
Though scholars have debated the exact colors the artist used, the Zorn palette is often considered to be comprised of yellow ochre, vermilion, ivory black, and white. Some believe he used a cadmium red rather than vermilion; regardless, cadmium red light is a modern substitute for vermillion, which is toxic.
These four pigments are capable of making a full range of color, despite the fact that the palette contains no blue. Ivory black’s bluish undertone allows it to act as blue; it can be mixed with vermillion to create muted purples, and with yellow ochre to suggest green. The Zorn palette is also effective for creating rich dark colors and beautiful greys.
The Zorn palette results in subtle, tonal paintings, but it may not satisfy artists with a passion for color. Even Zorn himself didn’t use it exclusively.
Other limited palettes
Painters who want the potential for both bright color and greyed color can choose from many other limited palettes, each with its own strengths and weaknesses.
For a broad range of color, a simple palette made of saturated red, blue, and yellow pigments, plus white, is key. Whenever pigments are combined, they lose some chroma, so starting with high-chroma colors ensures that your mixtures will be intense.
This color palette combines cadmium red light, ultramarine blue, and cadmium yellow light, plus white. As with the Zorn palette, it can make a version of every hue, but the saturation level is much higher.
Cadmium yellow light mixed with cadmium red light produces clean, high-chroma oranges; mixed with ultramarine, it results in saturated, slightly warm greens. The weakness of this palette is in the purples. It’s excellent for depicting something like these weathered pavers, but incapable of painting the high-chroma purple flowers.
Substituting cool alizarin permanent for the warm cadmium red light results in high-chroma purples that could do justice to the blooms.
However, alizarin would alter the orange scale. Mixing this cool red with cadmium yellow light creates cool terra-cottas and siennas, rather than true orange.
Every three-color primary palette will have some weaknesses in color rendering, and artists who want to be able to achieve pure purples, oranges, and greens will have to add colors to it. One way to address this weakness is by adding a single missing pigment, such as green or orange, or by choosing to use a six-color split primary palette instead.
The six-color palette contains warm and cool versions of each of the primaries—red, blue, and yellow. A sample palette may contain cadmium yellow and cadmium yellow light; ultramarine blue and phthalocyanine blue; and cadmium red light and alizarin permanent.
Charting the greens alone shows the broad range of hues—from warm olive to cool lime—that can be achieved with two yellows and two blues. No single green you purchase can achieve such variety.
A painter’s palette is, ultimately, an expression of how they see the world and the colors that they love. By exploring a variety of limited palettes from earthy to intense, painters can discover the combination of colors that best helps them convey their world view.
Touch of Magick– We have been in hospitality and retail home industry for over 18+ years. We can design your whole brand of OS&E product line based on your specification or design ideas. From concept to completion is what we do. Through my previous work experience we have participated in designing of Westin, W hotel and many more brands, independent hotel directs, worked with architects, interior firms and designers, groups such as Marriott, Intercontinental, Choice to name a few. We have good relationships with our resources for best quality and pricing.
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Modern artificial leathers are coated with polyurethane (PU) instead of PVC, as PU is much more environmentally friendly in production, use and disposal. Conventional PU, however, has the disadvantage that moisture and bacteria can penetrate through the openness of the pores and thus permanently damage the PU. A new manufacturing process enables PU artificial leather to be produced with closed pores, so that there are no fractures in the surface – it is much more durable and hard-wearing. Our artificial leathers SOLO, KANO, JAGO, ENA and ROMY have been produced with this special PU manufacturing process, called High System PU.
Our modern faux leathers are also particularly soft and insensitive to soiling. They are quick and easy to clean. With over 300,000 rubbing cycles, our faux leathers are durable and robust. Due to their permanent bi-elasticity, the materials can be easily upholstered according to all processes customary in the upholstery industry. The advantages of High System PU faux leather are:
free of phthalate
high and permanent elongation
insulating against cold
PU is recyclable
Garry is a high-quality HSPU faux leather with a textile look. It conveys visual cosiness and comfort and at the same time offers the functional advantages of faux leather.
Romy has a beautifully grained, matt surface that can hardly be distinguished haptically from genuine leather. The leather look is supported by warm natural shades.
Ena is modern and bold with its smooth, metallic surface and strong accentuated colours. In addition to the classic metallic tones such as gold, copper and silver, strong tones such as orange and red stand out.
Jago has a natural leather apperance; its slight vintage look makes it extremely suitable for the furnishing of a modern hotel. It is ideal for headboards, bed surrounds and seating furniture of all kind. The authenticity of the faux leather is underlined by the colour range which concentrates on natural and grey tones.
Kano is a faux leather with a fine graphically embossed structure and a modern metallic sheen. The colour range comprises metal tones such as steel, titanium, silver and bronze as well as black and white.
Solo has a large colour palette with strong colours paired with natural leather tones. Solo is particularly beautiful in combination with upholstery fabrics from the DELIGARD series.
For samples, Information please connect with Nisha Desai- firstname.lastname@example.org or call 702-622-8321. Talk to you soon. You can check our collections at:
Trying to attract tourists, restaurateurs build facilities where people can sleep in interesting forms. so, many winemakers have facilities that associate with grapes and wine. For example in Douro, Portugal in the facilities of Quinta da Pacheca sleep is organized in huge wine barrels.
Here, people who want to avoid the hustle and bustle of the cities can relax in these quaint and romantic barrels and savor their original wines.
The estate has existed for 280 years with a 140-acre vineyard. To be there and spend some time is a dream of every wine lover, and with great and original accommodation, this can be near perfection.
The giant wine barrels are designed to look like the actual wine barrels they use in the vineyards. The property owner Paulo Pereira and Maria do Céu Gonçalves designed and built them from pine.
Each apartment is 30 meters long and has a breathtaking view. It has a light window that makes the room feel much bigger than it is.
In this “wine room” tourists can use the shower, the bathroom, and the front deck. They don’t have to do anything but slow down and indulge in the beauty that surrounds them. The bed has a round shape that is rarely found in other tourist places and in real life.
KINDS OF WINE In QUINTA DA PACHECA
Their grapes grow along the river on steep hillsides. They produce beautiful reds, whites, rosé, and port wines.
KINDS OF FOOD
Excellent wine connoisseurs know that every wine tastes best when served with local food. In this tourist destination, visitors are also able to taste their wonderful wines with many local delicacies.
Also locally made jams and olive oil can be found here, which is a must-try. The property has a restaurant that offers all the services, so tourists do not have to go elsewhere.
THE DOURO WINE REGION
The valley of the Douro wine region is home to ports and enriched wines like Sherry. Mountainous terrains will delight anyone who learns about the region and are in itself a sufficient reason to put it on the list of next destinations.
This region is up to Barca de Alva, which is the oldest branched wine region in the world. It is characterized by a carved deep valley of the river, on the side of which, by the hand of man, mountain areas have been turned into soil and walls and planted with vines. The whole region is green in summer and blue in autumn.
The knowledge of grapes and wine is passed on from generation to generation. The landowners removed the terraces overtime to expose the vines to the sun and thus provide the necessary warmth for the grapes. This unique wine and landscape are created from the fruits of the earth and human labor.
COST TO STAY AT QUINTA DA PACHECA
The price is similar to many other accommodations in the area, about $ 250 per night. As this is a great trip for most people, it is necessary to get tickets to Portugal, regulate everything regarding travel documents and head to that destination.
A new approach to design and architecture that involves the use of natural materials, natural light and plants to create a more pleasing and effective built environment is being adopted by Singapore. Known as Biophilic Design, the concept means architects embrace nature in their design, bringing nature into the city, replacing columns, walls and neon with […]
DELIMAR fabrics of the Meridian collection impress with their distinctive weave structures in refreshing summer colours and classic non-colours. Fresh white runs like a red thread through the collection. This results in exciting, creative combination possibilities beyond the individual colour worlds. When you look at the fabrics, you feel a little closer to the sun.
The fabrics of the Meridian collection are made of the innovative fibre Polyolefinic FR, whose positive properties are permanently anchored in the fibre. High lightfastness, resistance to chlorine and sea water and weather resistance are the characteristics of this special fibre. Of course, all DELIMAR articles are flame retardant. The fabrics can be machine washed at 40°C and dry quickly, so that mould and bacteria cannot grow. DELIMAR fabrics are free of harmful substances, antistatic and water-repellent.
Green consulting firm Fifty Shades Greener is offering a free online training programme for anyone in the hospitality industry who wants to be a green champion in their workplace. The Ireland-based business has opened the training course, Become a Green Leader in Your Workplace, to anyone worldwide who works in the hospitality industry. The programme, […]
Antibacterial fabrics & Fabrics suitable for hygienic washing
These furnishing fabrics are perfectly suited to the high requirements of the health care sector, both in quality and in function. They are hygienically washable at 72°C They are permanently flame retardant. They offer typical colour concepts for a hospital they are easy-care, crease-resistant and stable they protect against sunlight and offer privacy they offer a great selection of qualities and colours.
DELICARE – anti-microbial furnishing fabrics prevents the growth of bacteria (hospital bugs, staphylococcus aureus which cause MRSA)reduce odours caused by microbes are conducive to a better hygienic standard in rooms are suitable for industrial washing have a long lasting wash resistance conserve energy due to longer washing intervals and a lower washing temperature are certified by the Fraunhofer Institute Are JIS 1902 certified.
Life & Soul Magazine’s Travel Guide to Eco Spas will whet your appetite for a vacation that brings healing to holidaymakers in accommodations that work in harmony with the planet.
21. Banasura Hill Resort, Kerala, India
One of India’s greenest resort and spas, Banasura Hill Resort, is applauded for being the largest “earth” resort in the country.
Constructed entirely from natural materials – mainly mud known as rammed earth, recycled wood, and bamboo and coconut palm leaf roofs, Banasura Hill Resort sits some 3500 ft above sea level nestled on a 35-acre eco-friendly farm in Kerala’s Wayanad district.
The earthly, rustic charm of the resort, constructed using mud excavated from the very site that it stands on, blends harmoniously with its lush green surroundings which include gushing mountain streams, spectacular waterfalls, and coffee, tea, pepper and cashew plantations.
Using sustainable archictecture techniques, “earth” architecture was chosen in the building of Banasura Hill Resort as it would cause the least amount of ecological damage in this biodiversity hotspot, which is part of the Western Ghats UNESCO World Heritage Site. With its mountainous range sprawling with forests, the Western Ghats is believed to be older than the Himalayas, and indigenous tribes of the region have long been familiar with the rammed earth method of building.
An indigenous tribe from the nearby Kurichiya village played a significant role in contributing their skill and expertise in the construction of Banasura Hill Resort, including creating a bio-fence by planting thousands of bamboos of different varieties around the resort’s perimeter.
Since Banasura Hill Resort stands in the middle of a tropical forest, all views from the resort’s naturally cooled earth huts and cottages are awe-inspiring, including a view of Banasura Hill which looms majestically behind the resort. The natural terracotta-coloured walls of the accommodations are largely left bare so guests can marvel at the craftsmanship gone into Banasura Hill Resort, while bamboo furnishings enhance the natural look and feel.
The resort also has a rejuvenating Ayurvedic spa where guests can experience massages which make use of traditional herbal preparations and medicated oils. It also has an outdoor pool.
Banasura is committed to sustainable practices throughout its operations including harvesting rainwater, and a biogas plant which recycles organic waste into manure and kitchen fuel.
Banasura Hill Resort is likely to appeal to people of all ages, however it’s nature lovers that are to benefit the most from a stay at the Kerala-based resort given that stunning greenery such as cascading waterfalls, plantations, caves and a national park is “on your doorstep”.
Hotel Taselotzin, located in the Sierra Norte mountain range of Puebla in Mexico, is a sustainable hotel run by indigenous Nahua women.
Taselotzin, which in Nahuatl means “small plant or shoot”, started life as a hotel “with an indigenous heart” in 1995 as a result of the collective effort of the female-led organisation Masehual Siunamej Mosenyolchiacuani (“Indigenous women who support one another”).
Masehual Siunamej Mosenyolchiacuani was originally set up in 1985 to empower women within the community whilst protecting their indigenous heritage and traditions. Created and managed by more than 100 Nahua women of the region, many of whom are crafts people, the aim of the collective was to help indigenous women sell their crafts at fair prices and to improve their quality of life by creating jobs so to limit the number of community members needing to emigrate.
By 1987, the women’s collective realised that it was not enough to obtain income, and so on the advice of a student from the Autonomous Metropolitan University (UAM), who told the indigenous women that their embroidery could turn profitable beyond their home community of Cuetzalan, the idea of a community-owned hotel arose.
Cuetzalan, nestled in the northern mountains of Puebla, is a small village rich in indigenous history and heritage that is known for its coffee plantations, greenery, cobblestone streets, waterfalls, and caves.
More than 80% of the town’s inhabitants are of Náhuatl origin and live under customs of ancestral community management. These customs are based on conservation and respect towards nature, which have helped prevent the arrival of mining businesses into the area. The remote village has also become popular with conscious travellers looking to experience indigenous customs and traditions.
Hotel Taselotzin – which came about to provide work, preserve culture and halt migrations to big cities and other countries – is preserving the region’s indigenous way of life. Located a 10-minute walk from the city centre of Cuetzalan, Hotel Taselotzin offers basic accomodation decorated simply with Nahua symbols in the 14 bedrooms, a restaurant serving native dishes, traditonal crafts and herbal remedies sold at the hotel, and spa services which include a temazcal sweat lodge and massages.
Rufina Edith Villa, the Nahuatl leader who manages Hotel Taselotzin, said: “In a council meeting we considered this dream [Hotel Taselotzin]. What we wanted was to have our own resources, and not depend on any institution.”
More than 100 indigenous families benefit from the profits of the hotel, which enables indigenous women to be empowered. All profits are distributed among the community members, depending on their participation, during the annual meetings. The crafts are sold under a fair-trade policy and these profits are invested into a fund established to encourage continual product development. In addition, the hotel has its own microcredit system, which is accessible to all members in case of need.
The women say that each room at Hotel Taselotzin and each space is embedded in the pacha mama, the mystical earth mother. The spirit of the pacha mama is said to sip into the rooms, blessing the mountains and Cuetzalan.
Sustainability is a natural part of everything the women’s collective do at Hotel Taselotzin. The hotel participates in composting, and the women also support and partcipate in the conservation of green spaces.
Rufina Edith Villa added: “This place is rooted in nature and our hotel is like a plant, if we do not take care of it, it can wither. It is up to us.”
Hotel Taselotzin does not currently have its own website but rooms can be booked via Booking.com and other online travel companies
Rosa Medea is Life & Soul Magazine’s Chief. She writes about lifestyles including sustainable and green living. She also offers content services to businesses and individuals at Rosamedea.com